HOW TO MAKE LAYERED CANDLES
Container candles are one of the simplest kinds of candles to make.   
Often, they are the first candle people make as they start getting into
candle making.  Candles can be made in almost any container that
won't leak and won't burn - tins, glass jars, ceramic pots, shells and
almost anything you can imagine can be quickly and easily turned
into a unique candle!

For this project, we will be using two recycled glass containers.  To
complete this project, you will also need:  
Wax Pitcher; Tabbed Zinc
Cored Wicks;
Candle Making Thermometer; Scent and Color (if
desired);
Wick Bars and Stick Um.
Melt your wax using the double boiler maker method.  

While the wax melts, prepare your containers for the pouring process.  When
pouring container candles, you will need to stick the tabbed wick to the bottom
of the container using an adhesive of some type.  There are many means to
this end.  Some folks use hot glue, some use adhesive sticky discs.  For this
project, we will be using "Stick Um," a candle specific adhesive.   

Using a zinc cored wick will ensure your wick remains upright as your candle
burns.
Please a thin layer of "Stick Um" onto the bottom of your wick's tab.  
Press the tabbed wick onto the bottom of your container.  Make sure
the tab is centered.  Unlike some other adhesion methods, "Stick Um" is
not glue and will allow you to shift around the tab to ensure it is properly
centered.
Once your tabbed wick is secured, pull it until it is tight and secure using a
wick bar.  To secure the wick in a wick bar, simply set the wick bar across
the top of the container with the point of the cutout facing up.  The wick bar
will grasp the wick and secure it during the pouring a setting process.

If you are new to candle making, you may ask why this step is important.  
As paraffin wax sets, it shrinks.  If your wick is not secured at the top and
bottom, the shrinking of the wax will cause the wick to move around, be
pulled down and out of center, etc.   A properly secured wick will remain in
place throughout the process.
After your wax is melted using the double boiler method, you can add
scent and color, if desired.  It's important to add scent and color right
before pouring your mold to ensure the color stays true and the
scent is at it's strongest.

We used all purpose wax for this project.
Once your wax is fully mixed, fill your containers. Wide mouthed
containers can generally be filled without a funnel.  If the
container has a small opening, or if you are worried about
spillage and making a mess, you can always use a funnel to
assist in the pouring process.
Fill your containers, leaving about 1/2" of space unfilled at
the top.  This space will allow for refilling the container as
the wax sets and shrinks.
As your wax sets, it will shrink and a well will form around the wick.  
This is the shrinkage that would cause your wick to move around if it
was not properly secured, as described above.  

Some waxes, such as soy wax and "one pour" paraffin formulas, will
not shrink and leave this well.  In these cases, you can omit the
refills.
After your first pour has fully set (generally a few hours), refill with wax
reserved from your first pour.   With large containers, you may have
to see a smaller well develop even after one or two refills.  Repeat the
refill process as needed until the wax, once cool, is level across the
top of the candle and no well forms.
Once your wax has set, trim off excess wick and your container
candles are ready to use!
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