HOW TO MAKE ICE CANDLES
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SPIRITCRAFTS 2012
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For this project, we used our 3" x 4" ROUND METAL CANDLE MOLD.  
Also used for this project are:  
WAX MELTING PITCHER, DOUBLE
BOILER MAKER, CANDLE MAKING THERMOMETER, MOLD
SEALING MAGNET, and BLACK DIAMOND DYE CHIPS.  Also used is
one wick bar, wick and mold sealing putty.  These items are included
with our metal molds.  You will also need crushed ice.  We used
crushed ice right out of our refrigerator.
Wick your mold.  For ice candles, we recommend using a zinc cored wick.  The
core will help the wick remain straight during the icing and pouring process.  
Make sure to leave at least two inches of wick coming out of the bottom of the
mold.
There are many ways to seal a mold.  Some folks use mold sealing putty, others
use a wick screw, some use magnets.  We use a combination of the mold sealing
putty and a mold magnet and will focus on this method of sealing metal candle
molds.

Press a ball of mold sealing putty over the wick hole, leaving a "tail" of wick out of
the putty.  Work the putty until it is as flat as possible.
Wrap the "tail" of the wick around the top of the flat putty and press the wick into the
putty.  These steps both seal the mold and ensure that the wick stays secure during
the remainder of the prep and pouring process.
Next, place your mold sealing magnet over the wick hole and putty.  Work all the
way around the magnet to ensure that it is firmly pressed into place and adhering
to the metal mold.  The magnet serves as a "secondary" seal and ensures that
no wax leaks during the pouring process.
Once your putty and magnet are firmly in place, turn the mold over and pull the
wick until it is taught.  If you feel the wick slipping - or if the wick pulls out of the
wick hole - repeat the prior steps.
Secure your taught wick using a wick bar.  Simply slide the wick bar onto the wick
as pictured.  The wick holding groove in the center of the bar should face up.  
Pull the wick into the wick groove and the wick will remain in place throughout the
pouring and cooling process.  Be careful to not pull the wick into the groove too
hard as the metal wick bar can actually cut through the wick.  You are now ready
to pour!
Melt your wax using the double boiler maker method.  You can use a true
double boiler or use our double boiler maker to create a double boiler from
any large stock pot.  Always use a candle making thermometer to ensure that
your wax does not overheat.  Overheated wax can spontaneously burst into
flame and cause a devastating fire!!!  Metal candle molds can withstand high
pouring temperatures, but always be mindful of the melt point of your wax.

Add scent and color, if desired.  We used black diamond chips for this project.
Add ice to your mold.  Simply dump the crushed ice right into the mold.  As
much as possible, try to avoid displacing the wick.
Slightly overfill the mold with ice.  As you pour your hot wax in, the ice will
began to melt and shift.  Overfilling will ensure that you get the desired ice
candle effect from top to bottom.
Fill your mold with wax.  Simply pour the hot wax directly over the ice
that is already in the mold.
Completely fill the mold with wax.  The ice will quickly begin to melt
away. Don't be surprised in your mold "sweats" as condensation forms.
Allow your candle to set for several hours.  The combination of ice
and water in the  mold will help the wax to set.  Once the wax is set,
pour the water that was left behind as the ice melted into a bowl.  
We don't recommend pouring directly into a sink as wax is very bad
for your pipes and should never be poured into a drain.
Once you have poured the water out of your mold, the candle should
easily slide out.  Trim any excess wick from the bottom of the finished
candle.
Your finished ice candle will be covered in delicate, lacy patterns of
wax.  Ice candles can be quite fragile and should be handled carefully.  
If you choose to burn your ice candle, only do so in a suitable, burn
proof container.  Ice candles may "leak" wax as they burn.
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